HISTORY OF HALAKU KHAN IN URDU PDF

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85.History of Halaku Khan – Siege of Baghdad. Hindi & Urdu

The invasion effectively destroyed the Ayyubids, which was until then a powerful dynasty that had ruled large parts of the LevantEgyptand the Arabian Peninsula. Baibars and Qutuz had hidden the bulk of their forces in the hills to wait in ambush for the Mongols to come into range. Angered, Kitbuqa had sacked Sidon.

Baghdad was a depopulated, ruined city for several centuries. The Mongol invasion east and south came to a stop after Ain Jalut. In an unusual move, however, they allowed the Egyptian Mamluks to march northward without hindrance through Crusader territory and even let them camp near Acre to resupply.

Hulagu Khan – Wikipedia

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Despite many attempts, neither Hulagu nor his successors were able to form an alliance with Europe, although Mongol culture in the West was in vogue in the 13th century.

When the Mongols reached the highlands, Egyptians appeared from hiding, and the Mongols found themselves surrounded by enemy forces as the hidden troops hit them histlry the sides and Qutuz attacked the Mongol rear. His daughter-in-law, Absh Hqlakuwas sent to Shiraz to reign in When he massed his armies to attack the Mamluks and avenge the defeat at Ayn Jalut, however, he was instead drawn into civil war with Batu Khan ‘s brother Berke. Smaller states in the region hastened to reassure Hulagu of their loyalty, and the Mongols fo to Syria inconquering the Ayyubid dynasty and sending advance patrols as far ahead as Gaza.

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Berke Khan, a Muslim convert, had promised retribution in his rage after Hulagu’s sack of Baghdad and allied himself with the Mamluks. The Mongols swept into the city on February 13 and began a week of destruction. Tekuder Abaqa Taraqai Mengu Timur.

The history of Persia. Hulagu vigorously carried out the latter part of these instructions.

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Survivors said that the waters of the Tigris ran black with ink from the enormous quantity of books flung into the river. Views Read Edit View history. He initiated a series of raids on Hulagu’s territories, led by Nogai Khan. If we were united, then we would have conquered all of the world. Retrieved 6 May From the head of the Mongol army, anxious to devastate the perfidious nation of the Saracens, with the good-will support of the Christian faith A low estimate is about 90, dead; [10] higher estimates range fromto a million.

Mosques, palaces, libraries, hospitals — grand buildings that had been the work of generations — were burned to the ground.

The Mongols broke free of the trap and even mounted a temporarily successful counterattack, but their numbers had been depleted to the point that the outcome was inevitable.

Hulagu’s conquests also opened Iran to both European influence from the west and Chinese influence from the east. The battle was hixtory by siege standards. Hulagu intended to continue southward through Palestine towards Cairo to fight the Mamluks. India Java Korea Tibet.

Hulagu’s army greatly expanded the southwestern portion of the Mongol Empirefounding the Ilkhanate of Persiaa precursor to the eventual Safavid dynastyand then the modern state of Iran. Much of the army was slaughtered or drowned.

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Tensions between Franks and Mongols also increased when Julian of Sidon caused an incident resulting in the death of one of Kitbuqa’s grandsons. By February 5 the Mongols ih a stretch of the ln.

Il Milionea book on the travels of Venetian merchant Marco Polostates that Hulagu starved the caliph to death, but there is no corroborating evidence for that.

When the battle finally ended, the Egyptian army had accomplished what had never been done before, defeating a Mongol army in close combat. Hulagu’s Mongol army set out for Baghdad in November Although the Mamluks were traditional enemies of the Franks, the Barons of Acre recognized the Mongols as the more immediate menace.

Even while Berke was Muslim he was at first desisting from the idea of fighting Hulagu out of Mongol brotherhood, he said Mongols are killed by Mongol swords. This was the first open war between Mongols and signaled the end of the unified empire. This called for the employment of engineers to engage in mining operations, to build siege engines and artillery, and to concoct and use incendiary and explosive devices.

Halaku Khan By Aslam Rahi M. A Urdushairi.com

An Encyclopedia illustrated ed. She was a Christian of the Church of the East often referred to as “Nestorianism” and Hulagu was friendly to Christianity. The caliph was captured and forced to watch as his citizens were murdered and his treasury plundered.